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The Difference Between A Doctor And A Surgeon

The difference between a doctor and a surgeon


Doctors and surgeons are some of the most educated and well paid people in the country. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there were 661,400 people employed as physicians and surgeons in 2008. It is expected that the number of new jobs in these fields will increase to 805,500 by 2018. When choosing a career in the medical field, it can be It is useful to know the basic differences between doctors and surgeons before choosing a specialization.

Work description

One of the main differences between the doctor and the surgeon are the basic work tasks that each one performs. Surgeons are doctors, but the same thing does not happen in the other direction. General practitioners can not usually remove the scalpel and start cutting patients when they need surgery. Surgeons should normally have a separate license in the state in which they are employed, while the practicing physician can usually manage with a general practitioner's license. Doctors diagnose and treat the disease, but often do so without the need for surgical means, unless necessary. Unless the doctor has a surgical license, he will often refer patients to a surgeon when surgical treatment is required.

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Education

Another difference between surgeons and doctors is the education they receive. The educational differences are imperceptible, however, there is the fact that both doctors and surgeons obtain university degrees and complete the medical school, spending almost eight years completing identical education. The main educational difference is presented in the type of medical residency they complete. While a general practitioner completes a residence that lasts almost three years and encompasses general medicine or an area of ​​specialization, the surgeon usually completes a five-year general surgical residency followed by a shorter residency or one to three year research fellowship in your field of specialization.

Working conditions

A major difference between doctors and surgeons are the working conditions that both face on a daily basis. The general practitioner with his own private practice often works during regular office hours from Monday to Friday. Doctors in private practice associated with a group of doctors or hospital can perform hospital rotations once or twice a week to visit the patients under their care. The same applies to doctors who provide services as surgeons. However, it is likely that those who are primarily surgeons work extended hours in the hospital and are on duty one day a week or the entire week. Surgeons can work night shifts or at dawn, and even a combination of both. In general,

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Compensation

The salary can compensate for the less favorable conditions that surgeons often face. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for surgeons was $ 219,770 in 2009. On the other hand, the median annual salary for general practitioners was considerably lower, $ 168,550 per year in 2009. The office also notes that in 2008, the median salary of primary care physicians was $ 186,044 per year, but those with a medical specialty field earned an average salary of $ 339,738 per year.


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